Machine Embroidery fun and challenges

I played around with my Brother PE500 Embroidery machine on Mother’s Day.  I purchased a few plain scoop neck t-shirts at Wal-Mart recently with the intention of embellishing them with embroidery.

My machine allows for a 4″x4″ design.  The actual hoop is almost 5×7.   I have learned a few things from a Brother Machine Embroidery Group on Facebook in the last year.   The most important thing I learned was to “float” a piece of medium weight tear-away stabilizer UNDER the hoop.  That’s right; UNDER the hoop…just slide it in after the hoop is in position on the top of the machine bed.  I don’t really understand why, but this seems to work well.  It is always a challenge to get things hooped properly.  I had the most interesting challenges using various products.

I have done a few t-shirts in the past and thought that I had mastered the hooping and stabilization process. There is however a big learning curve in this hobby.  I saw Nancy Zieman (Sewing with Nancy) use a product on one of her videos, so I thought “why not”.   I purchased the SULKY “sticky back” stabilizer that you “hoop”, then score, to remove the protective paper.  The intent of this stabilizer is so that you don’t have to hoop the shirt.   I like this idea; because it is hard on my hands to hoop.  Because I was working with a knit, I added stabilizer to the back of all the shirts I stitched.  I ironed on Floriani No Show Mesh stabilizer.  LOVE the Floriani.  Now, about that SULKY….Well, I can say; it works; sorta.  It was very sticky. It held the shirt in position.  But oh my goodness – it GUMMED up my needle causing my thread to break countless times.  So; alcohol wipes were my friend when I did the T-shirt in the first photo (purple).

Sulky sticky back with shirt floating

Sulky sticky back with shirt floating

You will notice that I use a combination of Red Clover Clips and safety pins to keep the shirt fabric “out of the way” while stitching.  I also floated a piece of water soluable stabilizer (WSS) on the top so the stitches would not “sink”.  WSS is usually used on items with nap; like towels; fleece. I have decent luck when adding to the t-shirts on a dense design.  Below is a close up of the finished shirt; still a little pulling of stitches and not a very dense design.  Centers of the flowers are not as nice as I had hoped.

Free design from Brother

Free design from Brother

In the next photo; I hooped the shirt in the usual manner. I added Floriani iron on tear away stabilizer behind the Floriani No Show Mesh. I also floated a tear away medium UNDER the hoop.

2nd shirt - Brother design

2nd shirt – Brother design

Other than a little pulling of the stitches; this did ok. Well enough in fact, that I would try shirt # 3…. Same method as # 2, except I added a clear IRON OFF stabilizer on top by Floriani. It was designed for things like velvet that can’t get wet. At some point…I had to remove it.

About the time the bluebird and the machine started to fight with each other….the sound of the machine changed, and instantly a mess under the machine with top thread wrapped around the bobbin….jam…emergency stop!! Out comes my exacto knife, the only thing small enough to squeeze between the hoop and the bed of the machine where the whole project is now held HOSTAGE by that birds nest.

In the process of freeing the hoop, I made a tiny little hole in the shirt. After 20 minutes of disassembly of the bobbin case; clean out, insertion of a new bobbin and another jam, I determined it was time to put in a NEW needle. Glad my hubby was upstairs working on his train repair table, reminding me of the “NEW NEEDLE” concept. Genius man. In the process of the jam up; that needle got bent. Did the jam bend the needle or did the needle hit a thick section, bend and cause the jam?

Oh; that hole, well, I fixed it. I left the project hooped; took it to the ironing table; added some more stabilizer to the back with my applique iron from Clover (that little triangle kind); and restarted the machine. The rest of the project stitched out perfectly. After all was said and done, I went back to that blue bird and stitched him again. The hole that is now covered in a thousand little stitches. And there is enough stabilizer on the back of the shirt, it’s not going anywhere. Glad that when I washed it the Floriani mesh gets very soft.

Shirt # 3

Shirt # 3

Of course; when I un-hooped after stitching, I realized the darn thing was slightly “tilted” in the shirt. Again; after washing, it is not terribly noticable. I can say this…..I’m glad I am not trying to earn a living at that machine. Maybe I would be better, but I do find a level of frustration that takes it from FUN to downright ANNOYING. Note to self….limit — one embroidery project in a day!
I did need to make a quilt label for my Grand Illusion Mystery Quilt (#1) that I will be taking with me this week on my trip. I waited until Monday to do it, and because I was using Quilters Cotton, it went smoothly. I cut a piece of fabric 8″ x 40″ and stabilized about 1/2 the width. I had 3 hoopings on this label. My biggest challenge is line up text, as I can only get a limited number at the smallest font on the line; and can not enter multiple lines on the machine at one time. I am pleased overall how it turned out.

quilt label

quilt label

Now I just need to get busy and stitch it on the back of the quilt. I did put fusible behind it, so I will press it down to keep it from shifting while I hand stitch. Oh; must remember to bury those thread tails from the top of the quilt!!

I am really glad that I signed up for a Floriani class next month!! Embroidery machines are fun, but there is so much more to learn. Sometimes I wonder if it is me or the machine? In any event, I have one more little embroidery project to do today. Wish me luck!!
Busy busy week before my trip! Happy stitching!

More sewing for granddaughter

This week is for the “Stitching Grandma” to do things for the grand daughter.  I am looking forward to being with my grandchildren for 2 weeks and celebrating a birthday party. Oh, to be 5 again!!!  My middle grandchild has outgrown her favorite nightgown, so I have made two new ones to take along in my suitcase.    I found an EASY pattern and would recommend it to anyone who is “not” a garment sewer!  (Quilts I get, garments and patterns I struggle with!)

EASY pattern

EASY pattern

I made 2 with short sleeves; and think I will do one more with long sleeves. Once I determine this is something they like, I have some beautiful flannel that will make a nice winter nightgown.  The first fabric I chose was Strawberry Shortcake.  I remember my daughters playing with those little figures for hours and hours as children.  In fact, there were Strawberry Shortcake curtains in their bedroom, along with a matching bedspread.  I think I gave those curtains away to a neighbor with a little girl when my girls were teenagers!  (I wonder if they even remember!!  :)  )   So, I indulged my fond memories when I picked this fabric for my granddaughter.

Strawberry Shortcake!

Strawberry Shortcake!

The next  fabric reminds me of Jelly Beans.  I bought it around Easter, so maybe that is why!  Pattern and both fabrics came from Wal-Mart.  I pre-washed to check for color bleeds and shrinkage…..and boy do I have a story about that!!!  I had bought some turquoise HELLO KITTY print when I bought the jelly bean and strawberry shortcake.  Silly me, I threw all 3 pieces of fabric in together to wash, with a color catcher.  The turquoise bled, and bled and bled.  I had to rewash the Strawberry Shortcake and Jelly bean with a color catcher and got the turquoise out of them.  Then I washed the turquoise at least 6 times, color catchers; vinegar, etc.  It just continued to bleed.  I have NEVER returned fabric before, but that 2 yard cut I took back to Wal-Mart with the 12 color catchers in varying shades of turquoise….and they gave me my money back.  So, no Hello Kitty for my Granddaughter, sorry to say!  Lesson: ALWAYS pre wash!  (I used to only do that for cottons & flannel for garments…now I prewash everything for quilting!)

Jelly beans

Jelly beans

I made a couple of other things…..a pink satin mattress for the doll cradle; and a doll quilt. Now I just need to get busy and sand and stain the doll cradle.  I think I will work on that today!   A dear friend of ours made the cradle for the grandchildren.  He is 85 and still has such great craftsmenship.   I must pack it up and ship it before the trip. A bit big for the luggage!!

Satin mattress and quilt

Satin mattress and quilt

The quilt was made using those “mis-fit” pieces from the Grand Illusion Mystery quilt!! I had fun playing with it. I found enough fabric left to match the quilt back my granddaughter will be getting!   I did “matchstick” quilting in varying widths on it.  I also bound it using my leftover binding from other projects; using my favorite technique “Susie’s Magic Binding”  (tutorial link:            http://www.52quilts.com/2012/05/tuesday-tutorial-susies-magic-binding.html  ) from 52 Quilts in 52Weeks blog.  If you zoom in on the mini-quilt, you will see it is also scrappy…had to join to similar leftover bits of binding to go around this mini.

I had a little more sewing time yesterday, so I made a pillow case to go with the  big quilt.  You might remember that quilt I wrote about here –    https://stitchinggrandma.wordpress.com/2015/01/31/ready-to-quilt/       No, it isn’t finished…It needs binding and a label and that is on my list…….before my trip!   (Wonder if I should make a doll matching pillow case???)

Anyway; so much fun, and some other projects still on my list before my trip 1 week from today!

Pillow case to match my granddaughters Grand Illusion Mystery Quilt

Pillow case to match my granddaughters Grand Illusion Mystery Quilt

Sewing time….what are you working on today???

Mexican Stars Class

What to do on Cinco de Mayo??? WHY take a class and learn how to make a Mexican Star quilt block!!

Mexican Stars by Southwind Designs

Mexican Stars by Southwind Designs

Had the most fun with Annette Ornelas of Southwind Designs  ( http://www.southwindquilts.com/ )  .  I booked her for Ocean Waves Quilt Guild last year for a lecture and class this week.  She came to Lewes Delaware from her home in Fayetteville NC to speak, do a trunk show, and teach a workshop!  The trunk show was awesome.  She showed over 50 quilts. Sorry no photo’s because I was helping to hold the quilts and show them around the room.  Our guild meeting had at least 100 members present.  The feedback I got was great from the members.  I also helped Annette when she was selling her patterns and kits and I think she sold a lot.  She had over 40 patterns available to purchase; and of course, I bought 3 or 4.  (Ssshhh….).

Three more patterns!

Three more patterns!

Our workshop on Tuesday (Cinco de Mayo) was great fun.  Annette’s patterns are clearly written and she really helped us with our color choices and any difficulties we might have had.  A fun workshop for everyone I think.  Here are some photo’s:

The center block in this pattern is unique.  The rest of the blocks “look similar” but they all contain “different parts.  The interesting thing about Annette’s patterns is that you end up with “curves”.  If you look at the last photo “My Mexican Star center block”  you will see the triangles that have pins on them.  Once the entire top is built (like Connie’s); you can “turn the edge of the triangle back” to create a curve and that gets stitched down along the edge.  It is a very creative way to get a “curved pieced block” without having to stitch cut curves, and fighting the challenge of easing things in.  And; what looks like little  dark triangles in my block (the last photo) was really done with strip piecing.  The lighter big triangles lay on top.

I like this pattern; and look forward to getting back to working on it.  But first….a trip to visit the grandkids.  Before I can go at the end of next week, I have many projects I need to get started & finished.  I did finish 4 projects for my little granddaughter.  She has asked to have a Robin Hood/Maid Marion 5th birthday party; so I have made her an outfit that she can have for the party; and for subsequent play dress-up!  Since her exposure to Maid Marion comes from the Disney movie; I went with a look that might seem familiar to her.

Maid Marion Amulet

Maid Marion Amulet

I saw in the movie clips that Maid Marion had a turquoise necklace; and thought this was a way to do it easily; velcro on the ribbon so she can learn to put it on & off on her own.  (Also a close up of the “jeweled” trim on the dress I made for her.)

A friend shared a pattern with me and the costume was perfect. This was easy to make out of pink satin.  The pattern called for the ties to be a long cord and independent of the garment, but I chose to include them in the waist band.  Making them shorter and stitching them in the side seam so the child won’t get choked.  I also added elastic to the bottom of the sleeves for safety purposes…

 

Pink Satin Maid Marion dress

Pink Satin Maid Marion dress

Of course; Maid Marion needs a cape — this one has a hood which you may find hard to see….

Maid Marion hooded cape

Maid Marion hooded cape

Can’t go wrong with purple sparkle fabric!!

Cape over dress

Cape over dress

and lastly; in the Disney movie the wedding ring was a flower…..so I made a batch of “rings” for the birthday girl to give to her guests.  Simple easy and fun stuff for Grandma to do.

 

Maid Marion flower rings

Maid Marion flower rings

Now; it is time to get busy.  The little sister is getting a pink satin skirt with an overlay of sparkly fabric once I get waist measurements; and I have several nightgowns to make; as well as finishing her quilt (needs border quilting and binding); and then there is the cradle that was gifted to me for her; that needs sanded, stained; a mattress and doll quilt.  All are in various stages of “consideration”.  Home all day today so time to get busy!!!

Hope you are having as much fun with your projects as I am!

Oh; don’t forget…we are having a quilt show – July 17 & 18, 2015 in Lewes Delaware.  Over 250 quilts are registered and we have 19 vendors coming.  Details here: http://oceanwavesquiltguild.org/qs15.html       Check out the link and come to Lewes Delaware for the show!!

Love and Laugh Quilt

A good friend of mine got married yesterday!  My sister’s all called him the “Corona Man”….remembering when he brought 3 bottles of Corona, ice cold, to me & my girls as we sat in the surgical waiting area.  There we sat; sipping and trying to relax while someone we loved was undergoing a terrible surgery in what was to be his last 2 weeks of life.  My buddy, the “Corona Man” helped us all during the worst possible days of our lives.  My one daughter tells how he “answered the call” when asked WHERE is the pepperoni in the Commissary?  He had the answer for her then; just as he had my back at work when there were shifts to be covered and I was out on bereavement leave.  A good friend.  Four years ago, he met his future bride, and their first date was a wine tasting.  So, yesterday; as we attended their wedding at a local winery, I was happy to share this gift with him & his lovely bride.

It is a throw sized quilt- 60×65.  I had a lot of fun creating it for the two of them.  I picked the fabrics to reflect their love of wine!

I had fun with the fabrics –

My inspiration fabric - bottles and settings of various wine

My inspiration fabric – bottles and settings of various wine

The border fabric

Wine Corks for the borders

Wine Corks for the borders

and some pretty fabric to compliment the feature fabric

Roses for the bride

Roses for the bride

 

I thought they went well together.  Now, when I went shopping on MONDAY  (6 days before the wedding); I wasn’t sure what I was going to make, but I knew the fabric would talk to me, and it did.  I just made sure to buy PLENTY.

I had fun putting this together, getting all the blocks cut out and some rail fences made with additional fabrics from the stash.  I had it cut and up on the design wall by Tuesday evening.  On Wednesday morning; my design critic (aka hubby) helped me tweak the layout.   We settled on the layout below.

 

a quilt or a table runner

a quilt or a table runner

Hubby thought that a table runner would be just the right thing; but I had all those rail fence blocks made, and all those other blocks cut out (6.5″ by the way).  So, I went big!

Final Layout

Final Layout

 

And then decided since I had enough, I would add the cork fabric as a border!   When it came time to get a backing fabric, I was able to pull the plaid fabric out of my stash.  (That was a lucky break, because by this point it was Thursday !)  I had 3 1/2 yards of it, and I knew I would have to add a seam, so I added a little fun bringing the front of the quilt into the backing with extra fabric….

I thought the cork border and cork binding needed a  little extra pizazz so I did “Susies Magic Binding” and used the green rose fabric for the piping.  I like it!!  That backing fabric really worked well I think!  But, before I could quilt & bind it, I had to “run to the church fellowship hall” on Friday morning, bright and early and get it layered.  The big banquet tables are just what I needed, and my friend who works there, Mary Lu, gave me a hand. We had it pin basted and I was back home within 2 hours.

a little binding

a little binding

Notice the sun is still shining while I was putting the binding on !! (This method you stitch to the back first).  I took a break to eat dinner, and then went back out to the sewing room to finish up; joining the ends with that great BINDING TOOL.  (Love Jenny Doan at Missouri Star and her videos; which I watch EVERY time I use that tool).

Joining the ends

Joining the ends

Got it joined, and I always PRESS the binding on the back side up and towards the edge. It just seems to make it turn better.  I always use the red clover binding clips after I do the pressing and roll the binding to the front and clip into place.

Cork border and binding

Cork border and binding

Got it stitched down and done by 10 pm!  I was TIRED….

a little break after 14 hours on Friday

a little break after 14 hours on Friday

and then, on Saturday morning…6 hours before the wedding…..I made the labels and got them stitched on the back of the quilt.  I had to think long and hard about how to name this quilt.

In hindsight, I should have used a darker thread for the name & date on the label with the wedding ring.  I was disappointed with it and how light it was against the green fabric.    The quilt is named Love & Laugh; because I think that with Love in your life; Laughter will follow. And anybody that knows the groom, knows he will have you laughing…and the bride will have to LOVE HIM A LOT to put up with those jokes of his over the next 50 years!

Two hours before the wedding; the quilt was ready to go.  (Now, usually I cut the jump strings on the embroidery; and wash a quilt before gifting; but I flat ran out of time….)

Love and Laugh  for Ron & Terri

Love and Laugh for Ron & Terri

Overall; I am pleased with the outcome.  I did some simple straight quilting and managed to pull it off in 6 days.  You would think I would rest on Sunday…the 7th day….well, maybe a bit.  After church today, I am going to be working with the “senior quilters” to get the last of 3 quilts tied; and start binding one. It is fun to sew with friends, so it will not seem like work today.  Hope you enjoyed the story of the Love & Laugh Quilt.  Oh, by the way; the wedding was lovely, and the bride was beautiful .  It was wonderful to see my buddy Ron so darn happy.  I’ve shown “snippets” of this quilt during the week, but never very much of it since it was a gift.   I hope they have opened their gifts this morning BEFORE they see my posts on Facebook!!!

Step 1 and 2 completed of the Scrap Dance

Do you remember that I mentioned last week (  https://stitchinggrandma.wordpress.com/2015/04/09/scrap-dance-my…ry-quilt-along/     )  that I was participating in the Scrap Dance Quilt Along being run by FromMyCarolinaHome.wordpress.com  ?   I decided to start tackling my basket of scraps, and do a little clean up after piecing my Quilts of Valor top.

So; I printed out the directions; and decided to go with the baby sized quilt. I have enough scraps for 2 king size I am sure, but I don’t have much time to work on any big projects right now. So, the small size will have to do….and if I have a spare moment, maybe a table topper.

For Step 1 I needed to cut 85 – 2.5″ scrappy squares; 36 – 3″ scrappy squares from the scrap basket. Barely made a dent!  I also needed 68 – 2.5 ” background fabric squares and 36 -3 inch background fabric squares. Had to pull out a couple of fat quarters to get a neutral background. No scraps for that job.    I assembled those 36 – 3″ squares into half square triangles and got them ready.  Now, the lazy side of me only trimmed down 20 of the 72 half square triangles so I could assemble Step 2.

Step 2 required you to put together 3 of the 2.5″ background along with 2 of the half square triangles into a “row”.  I wanted to say it was a block, but it looks like a row to me.

Part of the Quilt Along has you put your photo’s up on Flickr.   I went ahead and requested to “join the group”. In the time being, until I am approved to join that group,  I thought I would share with you what I have so far –

Assorted scraps cut in required sizes

Assorted scraps cut in required sizes 2.5″ and 3″ blocks

Half square triangles, ready to trim

Half square triangles, ready to trim

What is so much fun with this is that most of the fabrics in this scrap group (except the fish) have come from my friends. Things they just could not see a good use for!  Love FREE fabric!!! Thanks Nancy & Cindy!!  :)  I know you will recognize your contributions.

the 10 finished "rows" for step 2.

the 10 finished “rows” for step 2.

I managed to get some of the scraps under control, but sadly this only made a slight dent in the top of the basket. I chose the Baby Quilt size because I thought it would be a fun project to work on “in between” my bigger projects. Tomorrow, I swear, I need to make a list and write down some deadlines! I have enough scraps to make a king size, but not the time to commit to a big new project! So, baby quilt size for now, and the extra blocks I cut (ABOUT 100 – 3″) will go in the “scrap storage containment boxes by their size. I still have my eyes open for a piece that will round out one of my hexi diamonds I am short 2 units for. A little clean up is good for the creativity….not too mired down in the stuff! There won’t be another post on this project until May, but if you want more info; there is a button on the side of my blog to take you right to the Scrap Quilt Along From My Carolina Home blog.
Hope you are having a bright sunny day like me! Time to get dinner going! Bye for now!

Scrap Dance Mystery Quilt Along Updated

Ok…like I don’t already have enough to do…..but really…this kind of thing is just my speed…once a month.

Carole from the blog “From My Carolina Home” is sharing a project that is a “scrap buster”.   She posted about it in March, and I looked at it and thought…no time ….no time… Today, she released the directions for Step 2, and I was hooked.  I know, there are all these blocks of the month, and patterns I have saved etc…but I like this one…so here I go to play along with Scrap Dance Mystery Quilt Along.  This is what happens to me and why I have SO many projects going…oh look…fabric…shiny …ooooh  !!!!  I like to get distracted by a new project.

I won’t tell you what size, but I will tell you that today, I will go out, clean up the scraps from my last project (QOV) and all those other scraps that are piled on the back of the cutting table and on the little skinny table in the center of the room.  My friends KNOW that I love scraps and have gifted me several bundles that are now needing to be put to use and under control.  I think I will tackle one piece at a time. Press it, cut it; store it / add it to the “SCRAP DANCE MYSTERY QUILT ALONG.   It is NOT too late to start, step one & step two are posted, and I think I can “catch up” today and tomorrow, then I won’t worry about it again until MAY.  (While I press and sort & cut I am keeping my eyes open for possible “hexi” pieces…I am short a couple of hexi’s on one of my “rounds” of double diamonds and am on the lookout for a particular scrap!)

If you want to play to – go check out  https://frommycarolinahome.wordpress.com/2015/03/12/quilt-along-mystery-quilt-2015/

I put a button on the side of my wall to her Scrap Dance Quilt Along too.   The button and the link above will take you to the “intro – part one”.  Today’s post was step two – https://frommycarolinahome.wordpress.com/2015/04/09/scrap-dance-mystery-quilt-along-step-2/

Now, don’t tell anybody…I have dishes to wash, taxes to do, etc.  But…the clean up of the sewing room needs to be done before I can carry on QUILTING those 2 Bonnie Hunter Grand Illusion Mystery Quilts AND my Quilts of Valor top that are waiting.  I might even break the vacuum out and clean up the threads and bits on the floor….you know it is SPRING and time to clean up a bit.   Hope you are inspired to play with your scraps a little too.

Oh the scraps to be tamed!!

Oh the scraps to be tamed!!

Shhh…..don’t tell; I spent 3 hours working on the scraps. but now it is time to get on with the family life…the dreaded trip to the warehouse store for groceries.

But I DID get something done……

the 2.5" light squares to go in the house for hexi's

the 2.5″ light squares to go in the house for hexi’s

the basket that awaits taming

the basket that awaits taming

 

 

the tamed blocks - 2.5" and 3 "

the tamed blocks – 2.5″ and 3 “

QOV Top finished and embroidery machine fights

I have finished my QOV top.  I worked on it yesterday and today.  I had taken a little break over the weekend and played with my embroidery machine.  I did a little stitching on some wonderful cotton dish towels. The first 2 designs drove me batty. Broken needles, jammed threads etc.  The last 3…easy as pie.  I think the first two were so thread heavy; that my little machine went on strike.  The very last one…the blue chicken looking creature was a pain in my neck too.  Note to self….stick to the lower stitch counts.  All in all I am pleased.  Have 4 gifts “in the bag” for future gifting.


On Tuesday afternoon I decided to get busy and finish the QOV.  I had about 6 sections to connect and then it was time for borders.  I deviated a bit from the original pattern by putting on a piano key border and adding Ohio Stars for cornerstones.  Bonnie Hunter, the pattern designer used a neutral center block in the stars, and I used gold.  I also added gold sashing where she had white in the pattern.  I just like to give my own “spin” on things.  Truth be told, I didn’t have enough yardage left to make a solid border in just one color, so the piano keys were born.   Did I mention that I “over did it” when I was making those “rail blocks”.  Miss read the instructions and made 70 instead of 40.  So; I just added another strip of neutral and the piano keys went together very quickly! Of course, I had to build 4 more of those star blocks with those fun star points. But, by this time I have turned into a bit of an expert!

QOV top complete

QOV top complete

Finished top is 69″ x 69″.

For the backing, I decided I would USE what I have for the back of the quilt!  Before I started making the backing; I made my binding!! (Sorry, no picture until it goes on the quilt…you have seen it before!)    I used the same blue as in the stars, and did “Susies Magic Binding” with a gold flange.  Once that was done,  I made a scrappy pieced backing; starting with the larger pieces of left over fabric and working in the strips and leftover bits and pieces.

Now all that is left to do is get it layered up and ready to quilt.  (Oh and fill out the entry forms for the Ocean Waves Quilt Guild show…and make a label….and a presentation case……yikes).

Time to call it a night…..I will be dreaming of stars tonight.

note: Pattern – Ohio Stars and Rails by Bonnie Hunter – Quiltville.com (with minor modification)

Quilt show – Ocean Waves Quilt Guild, Lewes DE; July 17 & 18  – details here – http://www.oceanwavesquiltguild.org/qs15.html